Surgery is the Best Option for Early-Stage Colon Cancer

The large intestine (colorectum) is a crucial component of the digestive system. Cancer found in any part of the colon can spread to the lungs, liver, bones, and other organs in the body.

Individuals with personal or family history of colon cancer may start experiencing symptoms at age 25-35. Therefore, it is recommended to go for genetic testing after consulting with their oncologist.

Known risk factors for colorectal cancer include inflammatory bowel disease, excessive consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and red meat, low-fiber diet, age, and family history of the disease.

In its early stages, colon cancer can be cured by surgery. The whole tumor can be removed or a part of the rectum or colon that has cancer. The surgical procedure involves making a few small cuts in the belly (laparoscopy).

A patient undergoing colon surgery is often put on a special diet before the operation. They may also use enemas and laxative drinks to cleanse the colon.

If the tumor is small, the doctor will perform minimally invasive surgery to remove small polyps. This can be done during a colonoscopy. Larger polyps can also be removed during colonoscopy in a procedure known as endoscopic mucosal resection. A small part of the colon’s inner lining will also be chucked out.

As it advances to Stage III, the patient will have to undergo surgery and chemotherapy for about six months. Advanced stage colorectal cancer can be treated with targeted therapy and chemotherapy.

Targeted therapies have revolutionized the treatment of stage IV colorectal cancer. This has greatly improved patients’ overall health and recovery time. Many have managed to avoid unnecessary drug treatments and save a lot on medical expenses. Doctors use the KRAs and NRAS biomarker tests on stage IV metastatic colorectal cancer patients to predict the most beneficial treatment for them.

Colorectal cancer is curable even in about 20% of stage IV cases with liver metastasis.

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